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Welcome to the Endangered Archaeology in the Middle East & North Africa (EAMENA) Database. Supported by Arcadia Fund, a charitable fund of Lisbet Rausing and Peter Baldwin and based at the Universities of Oxford, Leicester and Durham, the EAMENA Database brings together data from satellite imagery and published reports to make available information about archaeological sites and landscapes which are under threat. Using Arches 5, an open source platform designed by the Getty Conservation Institute and World Monuments Fund, we have been able to build a resource that can be used online by researchers and heritage professionals across the MENA region, Europe and beyond. The EAMENA database is now also being used by the MarEA project, a maritime archaeology partner to the EAMENA project, based at Southampton and Ulster universities.


How to use the Database

How to get a general overview

The archaeology of this region can be explored via the public Database, which is available in both English and Arabic. Users can see the progress of the project so far by clicking on the Map View. This will display all the records that we have created, and it is continually updated. As the Database currently contains over 338,000 records, please be patient while these resources are loaded. Different types of records are coloured differently. So, for example, all our site records are in blue. The key to the different colours is located in the Overlays tab. If you click on this, you can also select whether you want to see the site records (Heritage Place) displayed on the map, or other, including Detailed Condition Assessment, Built Component, Geoarchaeology, Person/Organisation, or Information Resources. Information Resources are the records of the imagery, articles, etc that we have consulted about each site. Using the Map View it is also possible to zoom in to see more details about each area. Try toggling to a full-screen view by clicking on the arrows in the top right hand corner of the map screen. To see a list of records created by the project, you can also select the Search the EAMENA Database option in the top right hand tab.


How to use our datasets and images

Images and datasets from the EAMENA Database can be used according to our licence:

Creative Commons Licence
EAMENA Database by EAMENA is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at

To cite our database please use the following:

Author: University of Oxford, University of Southampton
Title: EAMENA Database
Organisation: EAMENA and MaREA projects
Year: 2023
URL Date: Date you last accessed the data


  • BibTex

title = {EAMENA Database},
author = {University of Oxford, University of Southampton},
year = {2023},
howpublished = {Online},
url = {www.},
note = {Accessed: 2023-06-01}

  • APA

University of Oxford, University of Southampton. (2023). EAMENA Database. Retrieved from (Accessed: 2023-06-01).


More information on the dedicated web page: Open Access policies

Updates and more information

As with all databases, this resource is a work in progress and is constantly being developed. Please do keep visiting the website and database for changes, as we will be adding new sites, case studies and features throughout 2021 and beyond. We will announce updates via our Twitter account. Unfortunately, it is not possible to make every record fully accessible because our main focus has to be on ensuring the protection and preservation of archaeological sites. As a result, access to sensitive information has been restricted and you will find that in many cases when you click on a record, no further information appears. Our Open Access policy can be read here.

Researcher or professional level access will be available to heritage professionals and institutions working on the diverse archaeological heritage of the Middle East and North Africa (please contact the project for more details, ).

Whilst not all damage and threats to the archaeology of the MENA region can be prevented, they can be monitored and mitigated. The EAMENA team work with the relevant authorities in the countries to share information, skills and raise awareness. We hope you will continue to visit  the EAMENA Database  and see how the project is developing. For more information please check out our  project webpage Twitter feed  or  Facebook page . If you have any feedback about the project please get in touch with us at .

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